Pelleve | The term ‘public health’ refers to the subject of medical science that deals with the promotion of health through public awareness and research. The scope of public health actually encompasses prevention, detection, diagnosis, examination, treatment, development, measurement, control, and distribution of information on health. There are various facets that constitute the subject of public health. These are epidemiology, personal health, nutritional health, environmental health, and community health. All these facets work together towards promoting health and helping individuals to lead healthy lives.
Prevention is one of the most important aspects of public health. This involves educating the population on the importance of maintaining a good health status. Public health educators and community organizers work towards this purpose. Public health experts to ensure that the right resources are in place so that the population is aware of the risks and protective measures that can be taken against the different diseases. They educate people on the prevention of diseases through educational programs and mass media publicity.
Public Health Promotion
Public health promotion is a policy designed to decrease health-threatening conditions by identifying and preventing new diseases. It also provides assistance to people suffering from health disorders through health services. It aims at coordinating health services and promoting better utilization of health services. Public health services include immunization campaigns, family planning, and public health teaching. There is also attempt to reduce health-threatening conditions through education, prevention, and early treatment.
Community health educators work towards preventing disease through neighborhood health promotion. They educate about safe environments, cleanliness, nutrition, and hygiene. Community organizers identify the different health risks and work towards reducing these risks. Community health promoters design community activities that promote physical education and healthy living.
Environmental health is concerned with the quality of air, water, and soil. It is the responsibility of public health policy makers to ensure that the population enjoys a clean and healthy environment. The implementation of environmental policies focuses on making the environment pollution free and maintaining a balance in nature. A lot of implementation works are done by governmental organizations. The development of prevention measures will improve air quality.
Mental health involves the ability to cope with everyday activities and problems. Prevention of mental disorders can be done by promoting preventive measures. Prevention of diseases like diabetes and heart disease can be improved by improving diet and physical activity. Counseling and other services are provided to prevent disability. Community organizations and governments provide services like family planning, screening, and immunizations.
A strong public health system is the key to successful health management. However, in spite of all the measures taken; some health threats continue to exist. The failure to address these issues could lead to increasing health problems and social problems. The key to preventing health threats is to identify them as early as possible. A good public health system provides early identification and referral system for various health problems.
Health promotion is essential for every individual. Healthy eating, regular exercise, and good lifestyle practices can prevent several diseases. However, if prevention is not taken, then over health problems could occur. A healthy diet, regular exercise, and a good lifestyle can help in the control of several diseases and health disorders. Prevention is better than cure.
Public health programs have many aspects. These include disease prevention, screening and immunization, occupational health, nutrition, basic health and epidemiology. There is a division for each of these areas. Infectious disease programs, blood, vaccines, drug education, and campaigns are some of the activities of health programs. It includes all the activities that deal with health promotion and the study of health.
Mental health and epidemiology are important components of public health. They deal with the prevention, detection, and treatment of mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Public health agencies also promote measures for preventing tuberculosis.
Quarantine was introduced in the nineteenth century. This act was meant to protect the public from contagious diseases. It began with the application of sulphuric acid. It was intended to separate the good and bad bacteria by means of large fences. Later, the electric wire fence was used as a quarantining method. Quarantines nowadays are applied to prevent serious diseases from spreading.